The Kratom Tree
The Mitragyna species, a member of the Rubiaceae family, is seen in the tropical and sub-tropical Asia n and Africa regions. The Asian species are typically seen in rainforests, while the African species (still categorized in a separate genus) are observed in swamps. The majority of the species are arborescent, with some peaking as high as 30 meters. The genus was named by Korthals since the species he observed has a shape similar to that of a bishop’s miter.
The genus is described by a rounded flower head, which can carry as much as 120 florets each. The Mitragyna species are utilized for medicinal reasons and also for the quality timber from the areas they were grown. Just recently, the Mitragyna Speciosa have become popular as a recreational substance.
The kratom tree has an average height of 15 meters with ground cover of 4.5 meters. The stem stands firmly and branches out. Its flowers are yellow with green leaves, glossy green in overall color, and ovate acuminate in shape. The plant is evergreen more than deciduous and its leaves are frequently shed and replaced. Quasi-seasonal leaf shedding happens due to the changing environment.
During the dry season, leaf shedding becomes more abundant and plenty of new growth is observed during the rainy season. If a kratom tree is grown outside its usual tropical conditions, shedding of leaves happens when the temperature reaches around 4 degrees Celsius.
Kratom can be grown naturally via seeds. It’s essential that the seeds are fresh. The rate of germination hovers around 20% to 30%. Once the seeds have been germinated, seedlings will begin to grow to a height of 15 to 19 feet.
A kratom tree prefers a moist environment with nitrogen-rich soils in a protected position. As a heavy feeder, the growing kratom plant requires fertile oil at all times. It’s very sensitive to drought and when grown outside its tropical environment, it can be sensitive to frost. Kratom can be fresh through seeds or cuttings. A low strike rate can be observed since fungus would typically attack a kratoms xylem tissue.
There’s little known about the actual growth process of kratom. Cuttings and seeds are difficult to do. Cuttings can be a bit difficult to grow, although when the plants have been established, they’re relatively hardy. Due to problems in having the cuttings to root, a lot of people have been trying to experiment via cloning.
There are two major problems with kratom cuttings. One, they seem to be consistently attacked by fungus and/or two, they don’t grow new roots.
Several suggestions have been made with these problems:
- Placing kratom cuttings in water with the sue of an air bubble to enhance levels of oxygen
- Utilizing small amounts of fungicide in the water t o discourage growth of fungus
- Constantly replacing water daily to lessen fungus growth
Some people found success by making use of rock wool to hold the cutting in moisture while maintaining airflow, replacing water daily to minimize fungus, and including nutrients to encourage growth.
There have been reports indicating that kratom trees can be highly potent in late autumn just before the leaves begin to fall off. It’s been observed that kratom trees planted in a cold climate results weak growth. Plants that typically grow in tropical regions are usually weak during spring and winter season but stronger during late autumn. A majority of kratom plants grown in a hothouse is reported to be weak (reasons for this is still being studied).
Source : discoverkratom